William THOMPSON

The forerunner of the underwaterphotographie

 

The first flash built by David und Boutan 1899

Underwaterpictures of David 1898


 
1856
the englishman William THOMPSON makes a picture in six meters depth
1856
the german Wilhelm BAUER makes several photos from a submarines (Russia)
1866
the frenchman Ernest Bazin photographs from his observatory
1869
a photo in "20 000 miles under the sea " by Jules Verne
1871
the italian JOSELLIS makes experiments with an underwater-bell
1873
the Swiss F.A. FOREL tries to examine the penetration depth of the daily light in the water, by immersing sensitized protein paper with silver nitrate in the Geneva lake
1875
the American Edward MUYBRIDGE reports of the use of Dallmeyer-lenses in the bay of San Francisco
1880
experiments of the American George C. MOORE in Steerbridge
1881
the swiss ASPER makes experiments with FOREL in the Zürcher and Wallenstadter lake, with immersed Gelatin-Brom- Silverdisks
1885
the English engineers E.G. CAREY and W.D. VALENTINE photographe
during the construction of a bridge in a high-pressure chamber
1885-
1889
Hermann FOL and Édouard SARASIN use photo-plate
for their studies of the penetration depth daylight in the sea water:
in Villefranche they found out, that the daylight goes down into 465 m depth
1888
the frenchman Paul REGNARD presents a photometer and a device,
"which enables to photographe the sea-bottom"
1889
conception without building guidance of the apparatus of the Marquis de FOLIN
1889
conception with building guidance of the apparatus of de FOLIN,
which is built
1891
Dr. W. STEVENSON writes about the use of lenses under water
1893
publication of the first photos of the frenchman Louis BOUTAN and Joseph DAVID, the oldest today known underwater-photos ["Mémoire sur la Photographie Sous- Marine" - Arch.de Zool.Exp. et Gén., 3ème sér., 1 : 281-324]
1893
publication of the book of W. SAVILLE-KENT ["The Great Barrier
Reef of Australia : its Products and Potentialities"]
1896
the second camera of Louis BOUTAN and Joseph DAVID; BOUTAN wants to make an "underwater-photo-panorama" during the world-exhibition in Paris in 1900
1898
publication of the procedure of captain BOITEUX of the Brazilian navy
1898
report of the third apparatus of Louis BOUTAN and Joseph DAVID and publication of the first underwater-snapshots ["L'instantané dans la Photographie Sous- Marine"] ]
1898
Pierre PETIT makes several [4 ?] albums with photos of L. BOUTAN
1898
Simon LAKE makes photos of fishes from its rolling submarine
1898
in USA C.F. BRISTOL and Dr. ROMBORSTS use waterproof housingse
1899
L. BOUTAN takes pictures in a depth of 50 m in the night with artifical light
1900
description and patent of the "Stereo-camera" of Louis WALKINS
1900
projection of the disks of L. BOUTAN during the international congress of the photography on the world-exhibition in Paris
1900
appearance of the book of Louis BOUTAN and description of an amateur device according to DELEURY  ["La Photographie Sous- Marine et les Progrès de la Photographie", Schleicher Frères, Paris]